After teaching at the University
of Westminster I worked at The Guardian (UK) for twenty years as assistant foreign editor and chief foreign
leader-writer (1983-2003). With my wife and constant partner for over 50 years, Aelfthryth Gittings (who
died in December 2012), we brought up four sons and travelled widely in
South America, Asia and Europe. In 2001-03 we set up The Guardian's first staff office on the Chinese mainland, in Shanghai.
Afterwards we moved to Shipton under Wychwood in Oxfordshire, becoming
active in local historical research, CND, and the Labour Party.
Having specialised for many years on China and East Asia, I am now working on the history of peace thought, and published
a book on this subject in 2012 (see below). I am a Research Associate at the China Institute, School of Oriental & African Studies,
London University, and an Associate Editor
of the Oxford International Encyclopaedia of Peace. I served as a judge on the International People's Tribunal on 1965 Crimes against Humanity in Indonesia, and
co-edited the Final Report.
The Complexity of the Cultural Revolution: 50 Years after it was launched by Mao Zedong.
INDONESIA 1965 MASSACRE: Final Report of the International People's Tribunal on Crimes Against Humanity, Indonesia 1965: 20
New essay: "Peace in History"
Philosophy and Peace
The refugee crisis: Are we ready at last?
Shakespeare and Tolstoy on Peace and War
WorldWarOneWatch Nos. 1-6: A series of articles monitoring coverage of the First World War anniversary